370 0 obj <>stream Because ammonia is a gas at temperatures above –28° F, it is compressed and kept as a liquid in tanks that withstand high pressure for transport and storage. Anhydrous ammonia is a strong alkali that can cause death or severe injury to body tissue due to its caustic, corrosive, freezing and dehydrating action. In pure form it is known as anhydrous ammonia and is hygroscopic (readily absorbs moisture). Exposure to high concentrations in the air causes immediate burning of the eyes, nose, throat and respiratory tract and can result in blindness, lung damage or death. 2.3 : Toxic gas. In water, most of the ammonia changes to ammonium ions (NH +). FACT SHEET Ammonia CAS Number: 7664-41-7 Office of the Executive Director June 2014 TEXAS COMMISSION ON ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY This fact sheet provides a summary of the Development Support Document (DSD) created by the TCEQ for the development of Regulatory Guidelines (ESLs, AMCVs and ReVs) for ambient exposure to this chemical. As a refrigerant, it can be found at ice works, cold stores and various food processing facilities (e.g. Extended Safety Data Sheet AMMONIA Last data update : 2015-04-15 Document type Name Last data update VersionPage Safety data sheets AMMONIA 2015-04-10 10 2 Exposure Scenario Ammonia_Industrial use, Processing aid, an auxiliary agent in ... Anhydrous ammonia : Netherlands : MAC - STEL (15min; mg/m³) : 36 In pure form, it is known as anhydrous ammonia. 0 In nature, ammonia occurs in soil from bacterial processes. Ammonia vapor, in concentrations of 16-25% volume by weight in air, is flammable, toxic by inhalation and corrosive. 0 Some chemical/physical properties of ammonia are: Anhydrous ammonia gas is lighter than air and will rise, so that generally it dissipates and does not settle in low-lying areas. Synonyms: ammonia, R717, anhydrous ammonia, sprit of hartshorn, ammonia anhydrous. Z�\(8���x�(t�nzP6���w��YԴ�N��������LOJ(��~�ӣI�7�m�"ҹf. Contact with liquid Ammonia can cause frostbite. Personal protection is the responsibility of both the employer and the employee. This fact sheet and the Growing Safely Anhydrous video provides tips to help avoid costly injuries or fatalities. Higher exposures may cause a build-up of fluid in the lungs (pulmonary edema), a medical emergency, with severe shortness of breath. ammonia is a colorless, pungent-smelling gas and lighter than air. Pressurized tanks of any kind may rupture if heated. Ammonia is widely used in the production of many nitrogenous chemicals, such as ammonium nitrate fertilizer. ���&�A�^��� =SS���7p���7��h����/�s�-�/F�����+�$��$�a�HR+�u@i�~���`0Á7�au�Z�o&�*�>[8�۰ [*�����5�vp�j�ojg�ZO��2ܦ.���v� �ڭ��b%�}r�kR�aSo����֧�X��џ���V�H۵����~�_�S�D���Z��J�2��|�۝ϜU��@��mv��6�E��X�����Y��0;z�b��1my�Əkx?�V3��`QK-�p�y]��d�Wc�O�FҊsb�Z�G���G�Q�I��?�.K蜦n�y����*�U��C��dogԾ: ��&>��ad�&����C��K[3��0�-�֙��ӌ�2;Ā��d+D����N[K���� However, in the presence of moisture (such as high relative humidity), the liquefied anhydrous ammonia gas forms vapors that are heavier than air. In enclosed circulating aqua cultural systems, ammoniacal Inhaling Ammonia can irritate the lungs causing coughing and/or shortness of breath. This guidance is intended to supplement - not replace - the Minnesota Anhydrous Ammonia Rules, Parts 1513. Ammonia is a gas at normal temperatures and pressure. Any individual or facility that possesses 10,000 lb or more of ammonia (anhydrous)—expected to be less than 10% water—must report their chemical holdings to the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA). ANHYDROUS AMMONIA -- Chemical Fact Sheet. Anhydrous ammonia is a highly effective fertilizer that helps farmers feed our growing population and replenish nutrients in the soil. It is a clear, colourless liquid under pressure. Ammonia is one of the most widely produced chemicals in the United States. Anhydrous ammonia is caustic, corrosive, and damaging to tissue high in moisture content when it contacts the human body. What Does Ammoniation Cost? Ammonia is also produced naturally from decomposition of organic matter, including plants, animals, and animal wastes. Ammonia easily dissolves in water, and in this form is known as liquid ammonia, aqueous ammonia or ammonia solution. SAFETY DATA SHEET GHS product identifier Other means of identification Product type Section 1. A powerful fertilizer delivering nitrogen to topsoil, anhydrous ammonia (NH3) is a popular-but-dangerous chemical applied onto farmlands across the US at the beginning of planting season. Exposure to high concentrations of ammonia in air causes immediate burning of the nose, throat and respiratory tract. For first aid purposes, at least 5 gallons of clean water in a container designed to provide ready The primary direct costs associated with ammoniation include costs for anhydrous ammonia, polyethylene sheeting, and labor. @�� s� t�W • Inhalation exposures:Inhalation of even diluted household ammonia It is essential in the body as a building block for making proteins and other complex molecules. It easily dissolves in water to form a solution called Ammonium Hydroxide or Aqueous Ammonia. 944 0 obj <>stream Liquid anhydrous ammonia expands 850 times when released to ambient air and can form large vapor clouds. Easy-to-read, question-and-answer fact sheets covering a wide range of workplace health and safety topics, from hazards to diseases to ergonomics to workplace promotion. It is stored and transported as a liquefied gas in pressurized tanks. A demonstration of the proper way to tow anhydrous ammonia tanks can be done at the training session. Ammonia gas is easily compressed and forms a clear liquid under pressure. Its odor allows it to be noticed at low concentrations. Ammonia is corrosive. The severity of health effects depends on the route of exposure, the dose and the duration of exposure. �E� .p003Ҽ`�@����Ϡ���``=�w!� � ���SM��8�hi�u@zX. ��b�1ح��E��gn��);��֓'���5�D �[��3��`��]��6E[�ʁ��l�,��O�]��{eW�nn;I u۩@~�4� ���v i,P�k�V׺W�W����Ub��w�a��h�-��@�s�y ��N%�UW�=�ϕY���ƕ��V^LC@�T���V� ��I�԰�*�c6����>>>/Filter/Standard/Length 128/O(��֦��:����V�joI��gi��\)ׁy)/P -1340/R 4/StmF/StdCF/StrF/StdCF/U(x��������mb�"H )/V 4>> endobj 901 0 obj <>/Metadata 24 0 R/Pages 897 0 R/StructTreeRoot 41 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 902 0 obj <>/MediaBox[0 0 612 792]/Parent 897 0 R/Resources<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/Tabs/S/Type/Page>> endobj 903 0 obj <>stream Land transport ADR/RID H.I. 916 0 obj <>/Encrypt 900 0 R/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<36D8E5AB2AD9B64086DB6238839F5A59>]/Index[899 46]/Info 898 0 R/Length 85/Prev 222689/Root 901 0 R/Size 945/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream For additional information on safe handling of anhydrous ammonia, see OSU Fact Sheet BAE-1723, Anhydrous Ammonia. Ammonia ammonia; anhydrous ammonia Gas. h�bbd``b`Z$g�3 ��bi�Xw@�$؜A�x���"�A�����KL��/�,Fb���? • Dermal exposures:Concentrated ammonia may produce liquefaction necrosis and deep penetrating burns. %PDF-1.5 %���� �n It may aerosolize and behave as a dense gas, even though it is normally lighter than air. Inhaling Ammonia can irritate the nose and throat causing coughing and wheezing. Anhydrous ammonia has potentially explosive reactions with strong oxidizers. Ammonia gas dissolves easily in water to form ammonium hydroxide, a caustic solution and weak base. how is ammonia converted into a fertilizer? In pure form, it is known as anhydrous ammonia. When inside inappropriate pressure cylinders (e.g. Anhydrous ammonia can be found in the DOT Emergency Response Guidebook under Number 125. %PDF-1.6 %���� This fact sheet was prepared by the Minnesota Department of Agriculture to provide information on some of the State of Minnesota requirements for facilities, which store, handle and use anhydrous ammonia on their premises. These vapors may spread along the ground or into low-lying areas with poor airflow where people may become exposed. Anhydrous ammonia is used mainly as an agricultural fertiliser, industrial refrigerant and in the manufacture of ammonium nitrate based fertilisers and explosives. Upon application the pressurised liquid converts immediately to the gaseous form. A storage tank is … endstream endobj 346 0 obj <. Anhydrous ammonia (also called ammonia) consists of nitrogen and hydrogen (NH3). 345 0 obj <> endobj The UN Number for anhydrous ammonia is 1005 and is placarded Class 2.2, Nonflammable gas. Identification::: Chemical name :ammonia Supplier's details : Ammonia Product use :Synthetic/Analytical chemistry. h�b```g``�g`f`�:��ǀ |@1 �8�Շ�a Ammonia is irritating and corrosive. Because of this, anhydrous ammonia should be treated as a flammable gas. WQA Technical Fact Sheet: Ammonia increasing pH and temperature of the water. Ammonia is colourless, acrid smelling, high water-soluble gas at room temperature, also referred to as anhydrous (“without water”) ammonia. Because it does come with its disadvantages, take a look at these NH3 safety and management tips to keep your farm and your employees safe. This flyer is a resource to ensure facilities are aware that ammonia (anhydrous) is a chemical of interest (COI) under the Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards (CFATS). Ammonium hydroxide is very volatile and may release anhydrous ammonia as a gas. The ammonia then combines with water in the soil to form ammonium (NH4+) ions as depicted in the following equation: “Because the vapors hug the ground initially, the chances for humans to … ]�A�m�@���%�H͓����,����>�/�����L!mZ�b��*����-U1�H���D�vSA� NO����t;��.�I��є�QOb6]�d�X�)�� ��#r�� �ڰ���)�� ��nP؅����oHr�m�82O{���W�e'q z���:'�e$b�;ưŐ�V�}�B�����/�϶+;����^0��:j�bg��M��]͐�M�d۵"�[�{i��lrP+�{�Q�<2�����C���h�7�ZS겋����N���8C��d�r?Rx'�U`�(|����z�u.��[-#=ά�f�Ve6�O���>R�>( $a!����Ƨ���r;7/)��7Ռ�z�L�{l����� �����=�2 Z�Sn������(��x��^4������yf v0+���G�yb�p�=t��+���ݻ�a Anhydrous ammonia is a hygroscopic compound, meaning that it takes up water from the nearest source, which can include the human body—especially the eyes, lungs, and skin because of their high moisture content. A pound of liquid Anhydrous Ammonia will generate 22.5 SCF of ammonia vapor and 45 SCR of dissociated ammonia gas. 899 0 obj <> endobj Objective: To learn the necessary safety precautions for towing anhydrous ammonia tanks. Use of Aqueous Ammonia, where possible, is a safer “As liquid anhydrous ammonia is released from its container into the air, it expands rapidly, forming a large cloud that acts like a heavier-than-air gas for a period of time,” the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention adds. %%EOF When released to the environment, though, it becomes a toxic gas. Anhydrous ammonia forms explosive mixtures in air with hydrocarbons, chlorine, fluorine and silver nitrate. endstream endobj startxref Table 4 gives an example of these costs. Ammonia is also produced in the human body and is commonly found in nature. endstream endobj startxref Ammonia Fact Sheet for Clinicians Introduction: ... Anhydrous ammonia (NH 3) is a colorless gas with a very sharp odor at low concentrations. meat, dairy, processed foods and drinks). Anhydrous ammonia corrodes brass valving turning the brass to a blue/green color. h�bbd``b`ׁ� �tH�: 6�u��"V��X�%$X,��w:�Pl^����A�20,��_�3� �z] SIZING ANHYDROUS AMMONIA STORAGE TANKS Anhydrous Ammonia liquid weighs approximately 5 pounds per gallon, at 60°F. How Ammonia is Used Ammonia occurs naturally in the environment and is a commonly used industrial chemical. Anhydrous ammonia reacts to form explosive products, mixtures or compounds with mercury, gold, silver, iodine, bromine, silver oxide and silver chloride. to the fact that it is both water- and lipid-soluble. Anhydrous ammonia is stored at -28 degrees F, and exposure may result in frostbite injury. AMMONIA FACT SHEET International Headquarters & Laboratory Phone 630 505 0160 WWW.WQA.ORG A not-for-profit organization. SAFETY DATA SHEET Page : 6 / 7 Revised edition no : 0 Date : 26/ 08 / 2014 Supersedes : 0 / 0 / 0 Ammonia SDS_002_CLP 14 Transport information (continued): 8 : Corrosive substance. Point out the selection of the proper hitch pin for the tank, SMV signs, and other warning signs. Trainer's Note Review this module in advance. Anhydrous means without water, therefore anhydrous ammonia denotes pure ammonia without water. Anhydrous ammonia is stored as a liquid under pressure. t?>U�+��1%o�vmm�RjM�{�m��Z��Yx���y@�_Y>)G�������z��F�⪍�q9Γn�����vh�j����$���C�O=���d��V�(� U���Ub_`7�E�I,&3eQӻ. Ammonia has alkaline properties and is corrosive. %%EOF As a fertilizer, it provides essential nitrogen for plants and is imperative that proper precautions are taken to ensure that it is handled correctly. "Anhydrous Ammonia" with 2-inch lettering (4 sides). Environmentally hazardous substance or mixture. 360 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<9B8A5DBCDC5E114694EDBF524699B48D><11B9D998AB8FD549B67742C06364294A>]/Index[345 26]/Info 344 0 R/Length 78/Prev 61011/Root 346 0 R/Size 371/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream A majority (80%) of all manufactured ammonia is used as agricultural fertilizer, a third of which is directly applied to soil as anhydrous ammonia. CGA G2.1 - 2014 11.5.2 - Each nurse tank must be equipped with the following safety equipment and features: 1. It is also produced when plants, animals and animal wastes decay. At minus 28 degrees Fahrenheit (-33 degrees Celsius), ammonia becomes a liquid. Review the fact sheet "Safe Handling of Anhydrous Ammonia" included with this module. What is it?1 Anhydrous Ammonia is a colorless, corrosive and highly irritating gas with a sharp, suffocating odor. 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