Module 4 presents the concept of SL applied to the effects of strengthening security and legal certainty of tenure in livelihoods of households and in their wellbeing, along with their econometric analysis based on methodologies developed by the World Bank3. Similarly, the programme strategy may work with different people in the community than the group we wish to help. A holistic diagnosis attempts to identify the various strategies people use to make a living and how they cope with stress. A specific livelihoods framework and objectives have been developed to assist with implementation, Various livelihoods frameworks. These include government agencies, civil organizations and the private sector. A central notion is that different households have differ-ent access livelihood assets, which the sustainable livelihood approach aims to expand. Such measures are critical for donors and governments that need to make resource allocation decisions across regions or countries. As a whole, this set of Guidance Sheets attempts to summarise and share emerging thinking on the sustainable livelihoods approach. These are also referred to as adaptive and coping strategies in the food security literature. People around while the framework maintains ‚sustainability™ as a focal concept in the evaluation of household livelihood outcomes, the mechanism underlying such development path is not explicitly provided. Livelihood strategies. Key words: sustainable livelihood framework, household livelihood expectations, institutional evolution, sustainable development ... (FAO), United Nations Development Program (UNDP) and national governments have actively used the SLF since the 1990s. Farming systems research, focusing on the production activities of poor households, also provided a new perspective on the way to view the production and consumption decisions of households. These needs may be addressed by partner organizations and not directly by the project. Sustainable livelihood. The concept was developed in the 1990s for the analysis of poverty (Scoones, 1998; Ellis, 2000;Cahn, 2002). If the poor are not involved, then consideration must be given to opportunities for including additional components that address the livelihood needs of the poor. Livelihoods can therefore be affected by external factors which increase their resilience and consequently reduce their vulnerability. 4.2 The sustainable livelihoods approach. Voluntary guidelines on the responsible governance of tenure of land, fisheries and forests, The LGAF: Land Governance Assessment Framework, Global Land Tool Network: Land Administration and Information, Consortium Research: Women’s Land tenure Security: A conceptual Framework, Regional Office for Europe and Central Asia, Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean, Regional Office for the Near East and North Africa. This document presents a conceptual framework for integrating sustainable, market-driven livelihood strengthening into food security interventions. DFID sustainable livelihoods guidance sheets Author: DFID Year: 1999 Resource type: Official. There are multiple entry points through which to begin programme activities. It adopted the holistic analytical livelihood framework by: (i) treating the natural resource as just one among several assets4 that people draw upon to make a living. national, regional, local) depending on where the greatest leverage can be achieved. One has a narrower economic focus on production, employment and household income. The following report uses the Livelihoods Framework to structure the discussion of how to support sustainable pastoralism. Sustainable Development Goal 15 is about Life on land. However artisanal fishers in the main lakes of Africa are faced with several alternative decisions to improve their livelihood sustainably. The preparatory project started in June 2001, and the final Project Memorandum for the Strategic Programme should have been completed by December 2001. Humanitarian and peace responses can achieve sustainable results only if individuals, households and societies are resilient to conflicts and other shocks. Sustainable Fisheries Livelihoods Programme (Gcp/I... Download 19 June 2019, Rome - FAO has launched a new Corporate Framework on Rural Extreme Poverty to accelerate the UN agency's and its partners' efforts towards eradicating extreme poverty for … FAO has established a Corporate Framework on Rural Extreme Poverty to orient and bring to bear the relevant work of the Organization towards reaching Target 1.1 of the SDGs. Resources. The sustainable livelihoods approach succeeded in winning the attention of key policy-makers in donor institutions in the early 1990s, DFID in 1997 and the Natural Resources Department, away from the competing knowledge and theory which key individuals have … DFID adapts a version of Chambers Conway’s definition of livelihoods: “A livelihood comprises the capabilities, assets and activities required for a means of living. Although we may be concerned with the livelihood outcomes at the micro level, this does not mean that interventions have to be only at the micro level. The strategic focus of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN (FAO) in the livelihoods dimension of the Joint Resilience Project in Eastern Sudan is to enhance the resilience of vulnerable communities and households by supporting them to develop livelihood strategies that are environmentally and economically sustainable, socially accepted and technically sound to durably … It is more important to understand what are the underlying principles that govern these types of holistic approaches. Since then, numerous development agencies have adopted concepts related to livelihood and have carried out various actions to link it to the effects of development projects focusing on action against poverty. Criteria derived from participatory approaches are the changes that are meaningful to communities. PDF | The Correct title is : "Farming Systems and poverty : improving farmers' livelihoods in a changing world" FAO | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate A central notion is that different households have differ-ent access livelihood assets, which the sustainable livelihood approach aims to expand. The sustainable livelihoods framework helps to organize the factors that constrain or enhance livelihood op-portunities and shows how they relate to one another. The livelihood assets, To measure the impact of a livelihood programme, it is important to measure criteria relevant to communities as well as normative criteria. It is defined in terms of the ability of a social unit to enhance its assets and capabilities in the face of shocks and stresses over time. The DFID has developed a ‘Sustainable Livelihood Framework’ (SLF) which is one of the most widely used livelihoods frameworks in development practice. Exposure to approaches and methods of livelihood analysis . Documenting the lessons will be critical to programme improvements. Outcomes are measured to determine how successful households are in their livelihood strategies. The sustainable livelihoods framework helps to organize the factors that constrain or enhance livelihood op-portunities and shows how they relate to one another. The SL framework does not seek to provide an exact representation of reality, but rather a view of the livelihoods of less advantaged populations. Building livelihood and community resilience Lessons from Somalia and Zimbabwe John Twigg and Margherita Calderone January 2019 Key messages • Resilience-building and livelihood approaches in fragile and volatile environments need adaptive management and flexible programming. Cross-sectoral impacts that are measured are derived from the links that are demonstrated from the holistic analysis. Although livelihoods are not explicitly accounted for within nexus frameworks, a small but growing body of research has highlighted the value of nexus-based approaches for evaluating the effects of development on livelihoods and for promoting sustainable livelihood practices (e.g. It does not offer definitive answers and guidelines. 3 were developed on the back of this thinking, of which the most commonly used and ‘conceptually sophisticated’ (according to Pain and Lautze, 2002) is DFID’s Sustainable Livelihoods Framework (SLF) which continues to prove influential today (see Figure 1). The indicators used for monitoring and evaluation are clearly linked to the problem analysis and the objectives. As stated earlier, SLA projects/programmes can be either single-sector focused or multisector in scope. It is also useful in assessing the effectiveness of existing efforts to reduce poverty. In its simplest form, this framework visualizes households or communities in a context of vulnerability in which they have access to certain assets or factors; this allows them to reduce this vulnerability or, in other words, to strengthen their resilience (see diagram). Sustainable Pastoralism (WISP )1, which continues to explore good practice in a range of themes that are relevant to sustainable pastoral development. The purpose of the conceptual framework is to provide a common frame of reference for clarifying and communicating important concepts related to livelihoods and food security, and their relationship with each other, among donors and practitioners. Capacity-building efforts must focus on service delivery as well as risk-management. One of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals established by the United Nations in 2015, the official wording is: "Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss". Thus, we can see that the sustainable livelihood approaches in vogue today build on the experiences of the past. FAO RFLP SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOODS APPROACHES (SLA) & BASELINE SURVEY DESIGN Phuket, Thailand: April 20th – 25th 2010 Workshop Report Ben Cattermoul IMM Ltd The Innovation Centre Although the SLA emphasizes holistic diagnosis, this does not mean that interventions must be multisectoral. Sustainable Livelihoods Framework (SLF) as a conceptual approach for understanding household ... (FAO, 2010). It does not offer definitive answers and guidelines. The majority of the Mozambican population lives in the rural areas, where poverty is most prevalent and climate changes show an increasing impact. The problem analysis should determine at which level it makes sense to operate programme activities. SLA activities may be initiated at different levels (i.e. The sustainable livelihoods (SL) framework provides a sound basis for indicator selection. This is why SLA seems so familiar to those who have been involved in systems-oriented approaches such as farming systems research and household food security. As analysts point out, there are two broad approaches to defining livelihoods. These lessons can be derived from participatory monitoring systems and other aspects of the M&E system. When people are not familiar with the terms, labels can create divisions, even when different agencies may be pursuing similar approaches. SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOODS GUIDANCE SHEETS INTRODUCTION OVERVIEW 1.1 Sustainable livelihoods: Putting people at the centre of development The livelihoods approach is a way of thinking about the objectives, scope and priorities for development. Care must be taken to determine whether the poor are participating in project activities. The concept of sustainable livelihoods is a reference point for a wide range of people involved in different aspects of development policy formulation and planning. The household evaluation framework is based on the concept of Sustainable Livelihoods (SL), which dates back to the work of Robert Chambers in the mid-‘80s1. Much of this thinking is derived from the participatory approaches that have become well integrated into the various implementing agencies' activities for project diagnosis and design. This led to a shift from national food security to a concern with the food security and nutritional status of households and individuals. 5 In this paper, we are using the livelihoods approach as a conceptual tool to re-examine past strategies in fisheries management and development from a perspective different to the … It is very difficult in the time allotted to give an overview on all of the work that has taken place on sustainable livelihood approaches over the past several years. Contribution to FAO’s strategic Framework: • The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Strategic Objectives (SO)/Priorities: The project will contribute to the following Strategic Objectives (SO), Outcomes, and Products: SO2: Make agriculture, forestry and fisheries more productive and sustainable. In the guide we believe that evaluating the effects of increasing security and legal certainty of tenure, as part of the country’s institutional services, will help strengthen capital (human, social, natural, physical and financial (see the definition of SL) linked to the greater resilience of households in poverty. A livelihood is sustainable when it can cope with and recover from the stresses and shocks and maintain or enhance its capabilities and assets both now and in the future without undermining the natural resource base (Chambers & Conway). A livelihood is environmentally sustainable when it maintains or enhances the local and global assets on which livelihoods depend, and has net beneficial effects on other livelihoods. It is important not to get hung up on the label, that is, whether you call it SLA, HLS or something else. These workshops have used the SustainableLivelihoods Approach as a means of helping participants to analyse what they already do andways in which they, and IFAD, could enhance their positive impacts on the livelihoods of the poor.Sustainable Livelihoods Approach was used as a “thematic guide” for these workshops.Participants, after “recreating” the SL framework, based on their own experience, then used … Indeed, sustainable livelihood, as a core concept, is conceived in the framework as exogenous, albeit implicitly. As such much of the food security challenge in Bangladesh has historically been closely linked to the production of, and access to, rice at household level. Finally, much more work needs to be done on capacity-building indicators. The following report uses the Livelihoods Framework to structure the discussion of how to support sustainable pastoralism. Institutions and organizations. The livelihoods framework also forms the basis for recent policy-relevant empirical research that seeks to capture the cross-sectoral nature of rural people's income-generating and subsistence activities . The sustainable livelihoods framework The framework, which is presented in schematic form below and discussed in detail in Section 2 of the Guidance Sheets, has been developed to help understand and analyse the livelihoods of the poor. The framework shows how, in different contexts, sustainable livelihoods are achieved through access to a Corresponds to the proposed methodology of the tool and the experience of LAP in Latin America and particularly Central America. A livelihood is sustainable when it can cope with and recover from stresses and shocks and maintain or enhance its capabilities and assets both now and in the future, while not undermining natural resource bases. Among the major achievements of the framework is its contribution to engendering a significant shift in development thinking towards … It can be used in both planning new development activities and assessing the contribution to livelihood sustainability made by existing activities. Sustainable livelihood. Sustainable Livelihood Analysis (SLA) has since the 1990s become the dominant approach to the implementation of development interventions by a number of major international agencies. Since 2011, FAO supports countries in advancing sustainable peatland management through 1) Knowledge sharing and capacity development; 2) Policy guidance; and 3) Technical support at the national and field level, including monitoring, livelihood development; mapping and integrating activities into existing processes, frameworks and institutions. • Adaptable to multiple scales, SL considers stakeholder perspectives in indicator selection. The first section provides a summarised background of recent The Alkire-Foster multi-dimensional measure was used to quantify livelihood vulnerability based on the capital assets identified in the Sustainable Livelihood Framework and alternative livelihood options explored. The sustainable livelihoods framework in 3.1.1 is an effort to conceptualise livelihoods in a holistic way, capturing the many complexities of livelihoods, and the constraints and opportunities that they are subjected to. For this reason, SLA programmes must be able to mange partnerships at various levels. Sustainable Pastoralism (WISP )1, which continues to explore good practice in a range of themes that are relevant to sustainable pastoral development. For example, working with merchants may assist poor farmers in obtaining inputs more easily. World Library - eBooks . A stakeholder analysis is a critical first step in any diagnosis. The Framework presents FAO forward-looking contribution to maximizing THE LIVELIHOOD SUPPORT PROGRAMME The FAO Livelihood Support Programme (LSP),2001–2007, supported in part by the UK Department for International Development (DFID), is helping to improve the impact of FAO interventions at the country level through the effective application of sustainable livelihood (SL) approaches. Afterwards, the basic elements of the Sustainable Livelihood Approach and the Household Economy Approach are presented as livelihood-based frameworks. Out of this concern, the CGIAR centres were born, and significant increases in food supplies were created through crop research. Participation and empowerment are the basic tenets of the approach. To sustain positive livelihood outcomes, effective local institutions that deliver goods and services must be in place. 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